Palva Lab
Original articles


Hirvonen J, Haque H, Wang SH, Simola J, Morales-Muñoz I, Cowley BU, Palva JM, Palva S (2022). Is mild ADHD beneficial? Brain criticality is maximal with moderate ADHD symptom scores. Preprint (bioRxiv)


Myrov V, Siebenhühner F, Juvonen JJ, Arnulfo G, Palva S, Palva JM (2024). Rhythmicity of neuronal oscillations delineates their cortical and spectral architecture. Communications Biology 7: 405.
Wang SH, Arnulfo G, Nobili L, Myrov V, Ferrari P, Ciuciu P, Palva S, Palva JM (2024). Neuronal synchrony and critical bistability: Mechanistic biomarkers for localizing the epileptogenic network. Epilepsia 0013-9580.
Ericson J, Palva S, Palva JM, Klingberg T (2024). Strengthening of alpha synchronization is a neural correlate of cognitive transfer. Cerebral Cortex 34(2):bhad527


Wang SH, Siebenhühner F, Arnulfo G, Myrov V, Nobili L, Breakspear M, Palva S, Palva JM (2023). Critical-like Brain Dynamics in a Continuum from Second to First-Order Phase Transition. Journal of Neuroscience 43(45):7642–7656
Williams N, Ojanperä A, Siebenhühner F, Toselli B, Palva S, Arnulfo G, Kaski S, Palva JM (2023). The influence of inter-regional delays in generating large-scale brain networks of phase synchronization. NeuroImage 279: 120318
Fuscá M, Siebenhühner F, Wang SH, Myrov V, Arnulfo G, Nobili L, Palva JM, Palva S (2023). Brain criticality predicts individual levels of inter-areal synchronization in human electrophysiological data. Nature Communications14: 4736
Williams N, Wang SH, Arnulfo G, Nobili L, Palva S, Palva JM (2023). Modules in connectomes of phase-synchronization comprise anatomically contiguous, functionally related regions. NeuroImage 272: 120036.


Bonetti L, Carlomagno F, Kliuchko M, Gold BP, Palva S, Haumann NT, Tervaniemi M, Huotilainen M, Vuust P, Brattico E (2022). Whole-brain computation of cognitive versus acoustic errors in music: A mismatch negativity study. NeuroImage Reports 2(4): 100145.
Simola J, Siebenhühner F, Myrov V, Kantojärvi K, Paunio T, Palva JM, Brattico E, Palva S (2022). Genetic polymorphisms in COMT and BDNF influence synchronization dynamics of human neuronal oscillations. iScience 25(9): 104985.
Yrjölä P, Stjerna S, Palva JM, Vanhatalo S, Tokariev A (2022). Phase-Based Cortical Synchrony Is Affected by Prematurity. Cerebral Cortex 32(10): 2265-2276.
Anurova I, Vetchinnikova S, Dobrego A, Williams N, Mikusova N, Suni A, Mauranen A, Palva S (2022). Event-related responses reflect chunk boundaries in natural speech. NeuroImage 255: 119203.


Cruz G, Grent-'t-Jong T, Krishnadas R, Palva JM, Palva S, Uhlhaas PJ (2021). Long range temporal correlations (LRTCs) in MEG-data during emerging psychosis: Relationship to symptoms, medication-status and clinical trajectory. NeuroImage: Clinical 31: 102722.
Winkel F, Ryazantseva M, Voigt MB, Didio G, Lilja A, Llach Pou M, Steinzeig A, Harkki J, Englund J, Khirug S, Rivera C, Palva S, Taira T, Lauri SE, Umemori J, Castrén E. (2021). Pharmacological and optical activation of TrkB in Parvalbumin interneurons regulate intrinsic states to orchestrate cortical plasticity. Molecular Psychiatry 1-10.
Julku H, Rouhinen S, Huttunen HJ, Lindberg L, Liinamaa L, Saarela V, Karvonen E, Booms S, Mäkelä JP, Uusitalo H, Castrén E, Palva JM, Palva S (2021). Reduced evoked activity and cortical oscillations are correlated with anisometric amblyopia and impairment of visual acuity. Scientific Reports 11: 8310.
Välimäki, M , Yang, M, Lam, Lantta T, Palva JM, Palva S, Yee B, Yip, SH, Dan Yu KS, Po HCC, Cheng YI, Bressington D (2021).
The impact of video gaming on cognitive functioning of people with schizophrenia (GAME-S): study protocol of a randomised controlled trial. BMC psychiatry 21(1): 1-1246.


Arnulfo, G., Wang, S.H., Toselli, B., Myrov, V., Hirvonen, J., Fato, M., Nobili, L., Cardinale, F., Rubino, A., Zhigalov, A., Palva, S., Palva, J.M (2020). Long-range phase synchronization of high-frequency oscillations in human cortex. Nature communications11: 5363.
Rouhinen S, Siebenhühner F, Palva JM, Palva S (2020). Spectral and Anatomical Patterns of Large-Scale Synchronization Predict Human Attentional Capacity. Cerebral Cortex 30(10), 5293-5308.
Bruining H, Hardstone R, Juarez-Martinez EL, Sprengers J, Avramiea AE, Simpraga S, Houtman SJ, Poil SS, Dallares E, Palva S, Oranje B, Palva JM, Mansvelder HD, Linkenkaer-Hansen K. (2020). Measurement of excitation-inhibition ratio in autism spectrum disorder using critical brain dynamics. Scientific Reports 10(1), 9195.
Siebenhühner F, Wang SH, Arnulfo G, Lampinen A, Nobili L, Palva JM, Palva S (2020). Resting-state cross-frequency coupling networks in human electrophysiological recordings. PLoS Biology18(5) e3000685.
Haque H, Lobier M, Palva JM, Palva S (2020). Neuronal correlates of full and partial visual conscious perception.
Consciousness and cognition 78: 102863.


Tokariev A, Stjerna S, Lano A, Metsäranta M, Palva JM, Vanhatalo S. (2019) Preterm Birth Changes Networks of Newborn Cortical Activity. Cerebral Cortex 29(2), 814-826.


Williams N, Arnulfo G, Wang SH, Nobili L, Palva S, Palva JM (2018). Comparison of Methods to Identify Modules in Noisy or Incomplete Brain Networks. Brain Connectivity 9(2), 128-143.
Hirvonen J, Monto S, Wang SH, Palva JM, Palva S (2018). Dynamic large-scale network synchronization from perception to action. Network Neuroscience 2(4), 442-463.
Keinänen T, Rytky S, Korhonen V, Huotari N, Nikkinen J, Tervonen O, Palva JM, Kiviniemi V (2018). Fluctuations of the EEG-fMRI correlation reflect intrinsic strength of functional connectivity in default mode network.
Journal of Neuroscience Research 96(10), 1689-1698.
Petkoski S, Palva JM, Jirsa V (2018). Phase lags in large scale brain synchronization: Methodological considerations and in silico analysis. PLoS Computational Biology 14(7).
Wang SH, Lobier M, Siebenhühner F, Puoliväli T, Palva S, Palva JM (2018). Hyperedge bundling: A practical solution to spurious interactions in MEG/EEG source connectivity analyses. NeuroImage 173:610–622.
Wang SH, Lobier M, Siebenhühner F, Puoliväli T, Palva S, Palva JM (2018). Hyperedge bundling: data, source code, and precautions to modeling-accuracy bias to synchrony estimates. NeuroImage Data in Brief 18:262-275.
Tokariev A, Stjerna S, Palva JM, Vanhatalo S (2018). Preterm birth changes networks of newborn cortical activity.
Cerebral Cortex 29(2), 814-826.
Huttunen H, Palva JM, Lindberg L, Palva S, Saarela V, Karvonen E, Latvala ML, Liinamaa J, Booms S, Castrén E, Uusitalo H (2018). Fluoxetine does not enhance the effect of perceptual learning on visual function in adults with amblyopia.
Scientific Reports 8(1), 1-12.


Hirvonen J, Wibral M, Palva JM, Singer W, Uhlhaas P and Palva S (2017). Whole-Brain Source-Reconstructed MEG-Data Reveal Reduced Long-Range Synchronization in Chronic Schizophrenia. eNeuro. 4 (5) 0338-17.2017.
Zhigalov A, Arnulfo G, Nobili L, Palva S, Palva JM (2017). Modular co-organization of functional connectivity and scale-free dynamics in the human brain. Network Neuroscience. 1(2):143–165.
Simola J, Zhigalov A, Morales-Muñoz I, Palva JM & Palva S (2017). Critical dynamics of endogenous fluctuations predict cognitive flexibility in the Go/NoGo task. Scientific Reports. 7: 2909


Tokariev A, Videman M, Palva JM, Vanhatalo S (2016). Functional brain connectivity develops rapidly around term age and changes between vigilance states in the human newborn. Cerebral Cortex. 26(12):4540-4550
Zhigalov A, Kaplan A, Palva JM (2016). Modulation of critical brain dynamics using closed-loop neurofeedback stimulation. Clinical Neurophysiology. 127(8): 2882-2889
Tokariev A, Vanhatalo S, Palva JM (2016). Analysis of infant cortical synchrony is constrained by the number of recording electrodes and the recording montage. Clinical Neurophysiology. 127(1): 310-323
Kulashekar S, Pekkola J, Palva JM, Palva S (2016). The role of cortical beta oscillations in time estimation. Human Brain Mapping 37(9): 3262–3281
Ewerdwalbesloh JA, Palva S, Rösler F, Khader PH (2016). Neural correlates of maintaining generated images in visual working memory. Human Brain Mapping 37(12): 4349–4362


Arnulfo G, Hirvonen A, Nobili L, Palva S and Palva JM (2015) Phase and amplitude correlations in resting-state activity in human stereotactical EEG recordings. NeuroImage. 112:114-127
Zhigalov A, Arnulfo G, Nobili L, Palva S, Palva JM (2015). Relationship of Fast- and Slow-Timescale Neuronal Dynamics in Human MEG and SEEG. J Neurosci 35(13): 5385-5396
Pigorini A, Sarasso S, Proserpio C, Arnulfo G, Casarotto S, Fecchio M, Rosanova M, Mariotti M, Lo Russo G, Palva JM, Nobilini L, Massimini M (2015). Bistability breaks-off deterministic responses to intracortical stimulation during non-REM sleep. NeuroImage. 112: 105-113
Honkanen R, Rouhinen S, Wang SH, Palva JM, Palva S (2015). Gamma Oscillations Underlie the Maintenance of Feature-Specific Information and the Contents of Visual Working Memory. Cerebral Cortex. 25: 3788-3801
Arnulfo G, Narizzano M, Cardinale F, Fato MM, Palva JM (2015). Automatic segmentation of deep intracerebral electrodes in computed tomography scans. BMC bioinformatics. 16(1): 99


Korhonen O, Palva S, Palva JM (2014). Sparse weightings for collapsing inverse solutions to cortical parcellations optimize M/EEG source reconstruction accuracy. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 226C:147-160.
Hiltunen T, Elseoud AA, Lepola P, Suominen K, Starck T, Nikkinen J, Remes J, Tervonen O, Palva S, Kiviniemi V, Palva JM (2014). Infra-slow EEG fluctuations are correlated with resting-state network dynamics in fMRI. Journal of Neuroscience 34(2): 356-62.


Rouhinen S, Panula J, Palva JM, Palva S (2013). Load dependence of beta and gamma oscillations predicts individual capacity of attention. Journal of Neuroscience 33(48):19023-33.
Palva JM, Zhigalov A, Hirvonen J, Korhonen O, Linkenkaer-Hansen K, Palva S (2013). Neuronal long-range temporal correlations and avalanche dynamics predict behavioral scaling laws. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 110:3585–3590.
Palva S, Kulashekhar S, Hämäläinen M, Palva JM (2011). Localization of cortical phase and amplitude dynamics during visual working memory encoding and retention. Journal of Neuroscience. 31:5013-5025.


Palva JM, Monto S, Kulashekhar S, Palva S (2010). Neuronal synchrony reveals working memory networks and predicts individual memory capacity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107:7580–7585.
Palmu K, Stevenson N, Wikström S, Hellström-Westas L, Vanhatalo S, Palva JM (2010). Optimization of an NLEO-based algorithm for automated detection of spontaneous activity transients in early preterm EEG. Physiological measurement. 31(11)
Monto S, Palva S, Voipio J, Palva JM (2008). Very slow EEG fluctuations predict the dynamics of stimulus detection and oscillation amplitudes in humans. Journal of Neuroscience. 28(33): 8268–8272.
Tolonen M, Palva JM, Andersson S, Vanhatalo S (2007). Development of the spontaneous activity transients and ongoing cortical activity in human preterm babies. Neuroscience. 145(3): 997-1006
Palva JM, Palva S, Kaila K (2005). Phase synchrony among neuronal oscillations in the human cortex. Journal of Neuroscience. 25(15): 3962-72
Review/opinion articles
He B, Astolfi L, Valdes-Sosa PA, Marinazzo D, Palva S, Benar CG, Michel CM, Koenig T (2019). Electrophysiological Brain Connectivity: Theory and Implementation. IEEE Trans Biomed Engineering 66(7), 2115-2137.
Palva JM, Wang SH, Palva S, Zhigalov A, Monto S, Brookes MJ, Schoffelen JM, Jerbi K (2018). Ghost interactions in MEG/EEG source space: A note of caution on inter-areal coupling measures. NeuroImage 173:632–643.
Palva S (2018). The importance of hubs in large-scale networks.
Nature Human Behaviour 2: 724-725.
Palva JM, Palva S (2017). Functional integration across oscillatory frequencies by cross-frequency phase synchronization. European Journal of Neuroscience 48(7), 2399-2406.

Palva S, Palva JM (2012). Discovering oscillatory interaction networks with M/EEG: challenges and breakthroughs. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16(4): 219–230.
Vanhatalo S, Palva JM (2011). Phase brings a new phase to the exploration of the elusive neonatal EEG. Clinical Neurophysiology. 122(4): 645-647
Palva S, Palva JM (2007). New vistas for alpha-frequency band oscillations. Trends in Neurosciences. 30(4), 150–158.
Palva S (ed) (2016) Multimodal oscillation based connectivity Springer  (link)
Book chapters
Palva JM, Palva S. (2021). Bivariate functional connectivity measures for within- and cross-frequency coupling of neuronal oscillations in: Oxford Handbook of EEG Frequency Analysis, in press
Siebenhühner, F, Lobier M, Wang SH, Palva S, Palva JM. (2016). Measuring Large-Scale Synchronization with Human MEG and EEG: Challenges and Solutions in: Multimodal oscillation based connectivity
Palva S and Palva JM (2016) The Role of Local and Large-Scale Neuronal Synchronization in Human Cognition in: Multimodal oscillation based connectivity
Palva S and Palva JM (2016) Mielentilojen vaihtelut ja tietoisuuden rajat in: Mielen Salat Ed. Ylikangas M. Gaudeamus Helsinki University Press, 129-139
Palva JM (2015) Phase-Locking Methods in: Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience. 2356-2359
Palva S, Palva JM (2014) The Correlation of the Neuronal Long-Range Temporal Correlations, Avalanche Dynamics with the Behavioral Scaling Laws and Interindividual Variability in: Criticality in Neural Systems, Ed. Plenz D, Niebur E, Schuster P. MIT Press.
Palva JM and Palva S (2011) Roles of multiscale brain activity fluctuations in shaping the variability and dynamics of psychophysical performance in: Progress in Brain Research